California law gives both parties to the lease certain rights and responsibilities. As a landlord, it’s crucial for you to familiarize yourself with this section of the law for a successful landlord experience for any rental properties.
The following information is an overview of what you need to know under the California landlord-tenant law.
Required Landlord Disclosures
Before a prospective tenant can move into the property or dwelling unit, state law requires that you provide them with certain mandatory information. The information includes:
Lead-based paint concentration. This is a mandatory requirement for landlords who built their homes before 1978.
Written info about bed bugs. This applies regardless of whether the home is infested with bed bugs or not.
Documentation about any known mold.
How the utility fees will be divided up between tenants in a multi-family apartment.
Disclosure about the presence of asbestos. This is especially required of anyone renting out property built before 1979.
Disclosure on whether the property is located in a known flood zone.
Disclosure on whether you intend to make serious repairs in the future that can affect the unit’s habitability.
California Tenant Rights & Responsibilities
In California, the following are some of the rights tenants enjoy under the state’s rental law. A right to:
Live in a home that meets the state’s basic health and safety codes.
Be notified before landlord entry.
Enjoy the property in peace and quiet.
Continue living on the property until the landlord has followed the proper eviction channel.
Exercise certain legal rights without being retaliated against. For instance, a right to withhold rent payments when the landlord fails to fix serious problems within the rental unit.
The return of the security deposit within the required timeframe.
The following is a list of the responsibilities that tenants must abide by when renting out property under the California landlord-tenant laws.
Keep the unit clean and sanitary at all times.
Maintain the unit’s habitability.
Use the property for the purposes it’s intended for.
Take care of small repairs and maintenance.
Respect the neighbors’ rights to peace and quiet.
Report maintenance issues to the landlord within a reasonable time.
Serve the landlord with proper notice before terminating a periodic lease.
Landlord Rights & Responsibilities
The following are some of the rights landlords have under California landlord-tenant law. A right to:
Enter the rented premises to carry out important obligations, such as inspecting the unit or responding to maintenance concerns.
Evict the tenant for committing a lease violation.
Proper notification from a tenant who wishes to leave town for an extended period.
Make appropriate deductions to the tenant’s security deposit for legitimate reasons.
Screen tenants before allowing them to sign the lease agreement. The process, however, must abide by the state’s fair housing laws.
Raise rent in accordance with state law.
The following is the list of responsibilities landlords in California have under the law.
Abide by the state’s eviction process when evicting a tenant for lease violations, such as failing to pay rent, by doing things like giving an eviction notice.
Follow the security deposit laws as outlined by the state.
Make repairs promptly after being notified.
Abide by the state’s anti-discrimination laws.
Maintain peace and quiet.
Maintain the unit to the required habitability standards.
An Overview of the Landlord-Tenant Laws
1. Privacy Laws
The local laws require landlords to abide by certain rules when entering their tenants’ rented units. For one, you must have a legitimate reason for entry but you don't need a written notice. As your property managers, we'd take care of this to avoid any landlord-tenant issues.
Such reasons include the following.
Under court orders.
In the event of an emergency.
When responding to maintenance issues.
To show the unit to prospective tenants or buyers.
You must also provide the tenant with proper notification before making the scheduled entry. Specifically, you must give the tenant 24 hours’ advance notice. This notice must be in writing.
Landlords, however, don’t need to provide an advance notice when responding to an emergency.
Finally, you may only enter the rented unit within normal business hours.
2. Maintenance & Repairs
As a landlord, you have a duty to keep the rental unit habitable. The following are some of the characteristics that the property must meet to comply with California’s “Implied Warranty of Habitability.”
Properly functioning locks.
Safe floors, stairways, and railings.
Proper electrical, plumbing, and heating facilities.
Proper weatherproofing of the walls, roof, and windows.
3. Housing Discrimination Laws
California renters have a right to be treated fairly and equally as per federal and state fair housing rules. The Federal Fair Housing Act protects tenants against discrimination by landlords on the basis of 7 protected classes.
The classes are: race, color, religion, nationality, gender, disability, and familial status.
California law also extends further protections to tenants on the basis of sexual orientation, primary language, military and veteran status, gender identity/expression, mental disability, citizenship status, ancestry, and source of income.
4. Security Deposit
California landlords have a right to charge tenants a security deposit as part of the initial move-in costs. You must, however, ensure that you abide by certain rules when doing so.
Among other things, you must:
Charge tenants a deposit not exceeding the equivalent of two months’ rent for unfurnished units.
Only make legitimate deductions to the tenant’s deposit. For example, due to unpaid rent, or to fix damage not included in normal wear and tear.
Return the deposit to the tenant, less allowable deductions, within 21 days.
5. Rent Increase
Unfortunately for landlords, California has local rent control laws that allow local jurisdictions to create their own rent control laws. As such, before raising rent, make sure to familiarize yourself with all relevant state and local laws.
The following are some of the things to know when raising rent on a tenant:
The percentage rent increment depends on the annual inflation rate so that a tenant is able to pay rent.
You can only raise rent once every year.
You cannot raise rent during a fixed-term lease unless there is a provision in the rental agreement that allows for such an increase.
You must provide the tenant with a 30 days’ advance notice prior to raising the rent on the lease or rental agreement.
When renting out a property in California, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the state’s rental law. This way, you’ll be able to better discharge your duties and have an overall good relationship with the tenant.
If you still need expert help with managing your rental property, Francis Taylor Properties can help. Get in touch to learn more!
Disclaimer: Please note that the information provided in this blog is intended for general guidance and should not be considered as a replacement for professional legal advice. It is important to be aware that laws pertaining to property management may change, rendering this information outdated by the time you read it.